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Land Clearing

Clearing—To remove all vegetative growth from the soil surface by the means of chemicals, manual or power tools, and heavy equipment. Land Clearing of logs, bushes, brush, and debris, could be undertaken for development, agriculture, or environmental purposes. For landowners, it may simply be to make the space usable. Some types of land such as stream buffers or wetlands are protected, requiring special permits or even preventing clearing. Some municipalities may have regulations requiring permits for land disturbance as well.

Grubbing—An attempt to remove root mass from the soil subsurface , including stumps.

Underbrushing—To remove undergrowth like bushes, small trees, and plants growing under the tree canopy in woods or a forest.

View Cutting—Depending on what you want to preserve, the scenic trees or scenic views, cutting down trees can be accomplished to provide a wider or longer range view.

Felling—The process of cutting down individual trees. Followed by limbing—the process of removing branches from a tree trunk, and bucking—cutting a felled and delimbed tree into logs. All of these are tasks of clearing or logging.

Chipping—Using a wood chipper to reduce limbs or other woody biomass into small pieces to aid in disposal or to assist in erosion control via distribution.

Debris—Sometimes debris may be burnt or placed in piles and windrows to assist in land management. However, some property owners prefer that it be disposed of elsewhere. In these cases, it must be loaded into trucks, hauled off site, and disposed of.

Septic Systems

North Carolina cagtegorizes septic systems into several types. The type required is specified by the county environmental health inspector based on several factors which include several factors like soil depth, soil consistency, slope, and proximity to water sources.  Below is a summary of system types:

  • Type I


  • Type II

    Old style gravel system

  • Type III B

    Pump system

  • Type III E

    Panel block sand system

  • Type III F

    10” Large diameter pipe system (sometimes specified for 8”)

  • Type III G

    Chamber system

  • Type IV

    Low pressure system

NC law mandates that a septic installer must be certified by the state. Re-certification is annual and requires continuing education. You can ensure you are dealing with a certified installer by asking for a current copy of their state certification card or by checking the website below. This certification will be required by the county health department in order to pass final inspection for septic installation.

In Swain County, there are 20 individuals certified as installers.

  • 9 of these are certified to Level IV.
  • 6 are certified inspectors.

We are certified to Grade IV and as an Inspector. We are members of the NC Septic Tank Association.

Information is taken from the https://ncowcicb.info website as of 31 Aug 19.


Excavation is simply the redistribution of soil or rock from its natural location and categorized into cut and fill. Earth that is removed is considered Cut where the material is dug from, such as digging out of the surface or a hillside. Earth that is brought in is considered Fill where the material is placed and compacted in layers. Projects often require cutting from one station and filling to another station within that same project . However, some projects may require earth to be removed from the site for disposal or delivered to the site for placement.


Grading is the process of moving a cubic volume of earth to ensure a level base foundation, or specified slope within the plan. This part of earthmoving is for construction of drainage, land improvements, roads, utilities, or structures.  Preparation may include sub grade and finish grade.

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A trench is a type of narrow cavity dug in the ground, generally deeper than it is wide, for the placement of items such as electrical, plumbing, communication, or drainage utilities.


Broadcast Seeding—Involves scattering seed, either by hand or mechanically, over a specified area.

Strawing— Manually or mechanically used to cover newly spread grass seed to reduce seed relocation by wind and water.  The straw also helps to retain moisture for the seeds.

Hydroseeding—An alternative to the traditional sowing of dry seed. Hydroseeding uses a slurry which may contain seed, fertilizer, fiber mulch, tackifying agents, and green dye. Fiber mulch helps with growth by increasing moisture around the seeds thereby increasing germination rates.


We can demolish sheds, houses, or other structures with heavy equipment and can load and dispose of debris off site as necessary.


Depending upon your needs, we can haul many types of material for specific purposes. Hauling fees are based upon load size and distance.

Debris—Either from demolition or land clearing

Fill Dirt—See the purpose of fill in our Excavating Section

Stone—Walkways, parking areas, driveways and roads, retaining walls, decoration

Mulch—Landscaping or erosion control


Bushhog—This rotary cutter is the best way to mow overgrowth from land that is reasonably flat, not covered with boulders, and does not contain trees or tree stumps. This works well for high weeds, brush, and small saplings that are less than one inch in diameter.

Batwing—These jointed, multi wing rotary cutters perform the same duty as bushhogging but for a wider area. This style of mowing is often associated with wide roadsides in commercial applications.

Offset—Designed for cutting roadsides, ditches, field edges, and short banks, this folding offset mower type commonly utilizes a flail cutting unit

Side Arm—Boom or side-arm mowers are mounted on long hydraulic arms, similar to a backhoe arm, which allows the tractor to mow steep banks or around objects while remaining on a safer surface. This style of mower may incorporate a rotary or flail cutting unit.

Snow Removal

We perform snow removal and salting using trucks, tractors, and 4 wheelers equipped with plows. Whether you have a parking lot, or road we can plow the snow and spread salt too. Contracts recommended in advance.